Niles' Weekly Register. Baltimore, Saturday, August 17, 1816. -- Description of the Province of Coahuila, the New Kingdom of Leon, New Santander, and Texas.

Dublin Core

Title

Niles' Weekly Register. Baltimore, Saturday, August 17, 1816. -- Description of the Province of Coahuila, the New Kingdom of Leon, New Santander, and Texas.

Subject

Ramos Arizpe, Miguel, 1775-1843.
Mexico -- Politics and government -- 1810-1821.
Explorers -- Mexico, North -- Biography.
Explorers -- Texas, South -- Biography.
Mexico, North -- Description and travel.
Texas, South -- Description and travel.

Description

The 28th of December of 1810, most of the Mexican congressmen embarked the English vessel "El Implacable" towards Spain, with the purpose of claiming honours and jobs. At the time, the Mexican revolution for independence was under way and Ramos Arizpe left without all the required documentation to legitimize his presence on the Cortes, as he was afraid the revolution would impede him to take the opportunity. Ramos Arizpe chose to risk his life in an overseas voyage and by publicly defying Spanish law, because violence was his last resource, it was only to come after all the peaceful measures had been dampened.

As Ramos Arizpe did not have the required credentials, he had a difficult time being accepted within the Cortes. As soon as he was accepted, he presented to the Cortes, a very interesting memory, which he titled "Memory of the Doctor Don Miguel Ramos de Arizpe, Bourbon priest and Deputy in the presence of general and extraordinary Courts of Spain, for the province of Coahuila, one of the four internal [provinces] of orient within the kingdom of Mexico, presents to the grand congress , about the natural, political and civic state of such province and those of El Nuevo Reino de Leon, Nuevo Santander y the Texas, with exposition of the general and particular defects of their governments and the reforms and new establishments that are needed for their prosperity."

This document is of high importance, not only for the historical data revealed, that was previously ignored by Spanish Empire. As It talks about the extension of these territories, their government, villas and towns, as well as the character, traditions and occupations of its inhabitants. The most important aspect of the 'memory', is that it represents the agenda that Ramos Arizpe pursued in the Cortes, for benefit of those whom he represented. He argued that the establishment of town councils was urgent; the establishment of justice tribunals began, as well as the creation of a superior government tribunal for the four provinces; and finally, it is asked to establish a general headquarters, to create several ports and to concede citizenship titles to the cities of Monclova, Saltillo, Parras and Borbon.

As the Mexican war of independence was being fought, the American congressmen explained the origins of the insurrection in the colonies, as well as the demands and complaints of the Criollo against the Spaniards. Their political victories were not enough to stop the armed insurrection, the congressmen from New Spain understood that the Spaniards did not see the countries in America as an integral part of the Monarchy, but as colonies that needed to be kept apart from Spain. The war for independence was long and arduous, yet, the movement ended until 1821. Ramos Arizpe returned to Mexico in 1820, after years of fighting tyranny in Madrid, Cadiz and Valencia.

Creator

Hezekiah Niles
Miguel Ramos Arizpe

Source

[no text]

Publisher

The University of Texas at Austin

Date

Ausgust 17, 1816.

Contributor

[no text]

Rights

[no text]

Relation

[no text]

Format

Newspaper. 6.5 in x 9.6 in.

Language

English

Type

[no text]

Identifier

[no text]

Coverage

[no text]

Files

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Collection

Citation

Hezekiah Niles and Miguel Ramos Arizpe, “Niles' Weekly Register. Baltimore, Saturday, August 17, 1816. -- Description of the Province of Coahuila, the New Kingdom of Leon, New Santander, and Texas.,” Await Another Voice: Uncovering Collections at The University of Texas at Austin, accessed July 23, 2024, https://socialjusticeutaustin.omeka.net/items/show/152.